Reactors Are Closing

There are 100 nuclear power reactors licensed to operate in the United States.  

Even though the large majority of these nuclear power stations have received a 20-year operating license extension, atomic reactors are permanently closing.

Nuclear power is economically failing in an electricity market dominated by more competitive energy generation from natural gas, wind and solar power. More conservation and greater energy efficiency use in homes, businesses and industry continues to drive electricity demand down.  An inherently dangerous nuclear industry is aging and unpredictable accidents will occur. As a result, atomic reactors are requiring more costly inspections, maintenance, repairs and generic backfits that drive costs up and force more reactors into permanent closure.  



Fort Calhoun             (NE)               closed 10/24/2016

Vermont Yankee       (VT)                closed 12/29/2014

San Onofre 2 & 3      (CA)               closed 06/12/2013

Kewaunee                 (WI)               closed 05/07/2013

Crystal River             (FL)                closed 02/20/2013



Oyster Creek (NJ)          12/31/2019 or sooner. It was reported on 2/2/2018 that Exelon would shut down Oyster Creek for good by October 2018.

FitzPatrick (NY)              1/27/2017 [Was to have closed, but now Gov. Cuomo's nuclear tax, a bailout at ratepayer expense, of $7.6 billion, would extend upstate NY reactor operations for a dozen years beyond 2017, including at FitzPatrick]

Ginna (NY)                     March 2017 (Was to have closed, absent state approved ratepayer bailout; see FitzPatrick note above re: Gov. Cuomo's nuclear tax)

Clinton (IL)                     06/01/2017 (Was to have closed, absent early Dec., 2016 state-approved ratepayer bailout approved by Gov. Rauner and the State Legislature)

Three Mile Island 1 (PA) May 2018 (absent potential state-approved ratepayer bailout; but in late May, 2017, TMI-1 owner Exelon announced Sept. 2019 for the reactor's closure, absent state-approved ratepayer bailouts)

Palisades (MI) October 1, 2022 (Entergy had announced, in early Dec. 2016, it would close Palisades by Oct. 1, 2018. The sudden reversal, to stay open four additional years, was made abrutly after the Michigan Public Service Commission’s order in late Sepember 2017 that Consumers Energy could recover only $136.6 million of the $172 million it requested for ending out the PPA (Power Purchase Agreement) early. As Tim Judson of NIRS put it, Entergy could have found the $33 million shortfall in its couch cushions! See Beyond Nuclear's press statement on the day Entergy reversed itself, and decided to keep operating Palisades at least an additional four years. Palisades has actually been rubber-stamped by NRC to operate till 2031, despite Beyond Nuclear et al.'s best efforts to the contrary.)

Quad Cities 1 & 2  (IL)   06/01/2018 (Was to have closed, absent early Dec., 2016 state-approved ratepayer bailout; see Clinton above)

Pilgrim (MA)                  06/01/2019 or sooner

Indian Point 2 (NY)          4/30/2020 (or 4/30/2024), per agreement with State of NY and Riverkeeper

Indian Point 3 (NY)          4/30/2021 (or 4/30/2025), per agreement with State of NY and Riverkeeper

Diablo Canyon 1 (CA)      11/02/2024 (PG&E will not seek a 20-year license extension)

Diablo Canyon 2  (CA)     08/26/2025 (PG&E will not seek a 20-year license extension)

(See the latest on Diablo Canyon 1 & 2: the California Public Utilities Commission ruled unanimously on 1/11/18 to allow the two reactors to be closed by 2024-2025.)



[Please note that the Gentilly Unit 2 reactor in Quebec, Canada also closed in Dec., 2012.]

[Please note that the remaining six operable reactors at the Pickering nuclear power plant, immediately east of Toronto in Ontario, Canada also were to have been closed in 2019; however, in late 2015-early 2016, a five-year extension of operations was announced, till 2024; two reactors there already previously closed for good.]


For the list of all permanently closed reactors in the U.S. see Appendix C of the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission’s Annual Information Digest.